Treating Mental Health Disorders

Mental health is a combination of our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health treatment is important because it helps us realize ones abilities, live a life with purpose and meaning, form positive relationships with others, and experience peace of mind, contentment, happiness and joy. Each patient is beautifully unique, therefore, we do not use a one shoe fits all style treatment. By listening to our patient's needs and digging into the complexities of  factors that make them unique we are able to help patients put in place a treatment plan that will be effective for them.

 What is an Anxiety Disorder?

Anxiety disorders are serious mental illnesses that cause significant worry or fear that doesn't go away and may even get worse over time. We all feel anxious at times, after all, anxiety is a normal human emotion designed to help us be careful and keep us safe.  Anxiety is a disorder when the anxiety tends to be fairly constant and has a very negative and intrusive impact on the quality of a person's life.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

There are several types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobias, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder.  

 Treatment Options

Although each anxiety disorder has unique characteristics, treatment usually involves a combination of psychotherapy, or “talk therapy,” and medications. 

Anxiety

 
 

Depression

 

 

 

 

What is depression?

A mental health disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.  Possible causes include a combination of biological, psychological, and social distress. For a given individual the respective weight of these dimensions may vary.   Increasingly, research suggests the state of being depressed may cause changes in brain function, including altered activity of certain neural circuits in the brain.

  Types of Depression

There are many different types of depression.  A common confounding type of depression is bipolar depression. While not inherently more severe or difficult to treatment than other types of depression, treatment is different, and adopting a once size fits all approach to treatment can often lead to disappointment.   There is also sadness and grief.  Though painful, these states are not usually considered pathological.  It is best to consult a doctor who can help you understand and  address your unique  issues.

Treatment Options

The mainstay of treatment is usually medication, talk therapy, or a combination of the two.   Medications to treat depression have been around for decades, however, exciting new medications options are emerging.   Ketamine, for example, has recently been given FDA approval. It is among a class of newer medicines that offer the promise of not only having a strong and positive biological effect, but also seeming to encourage enhancement of counseling, and perhaps even spontaneous psychological healing.

 

Bipolar Disorder

 

 

 

 

What is Bipolar Disorder?

 

Bipolar Disorder is a diagnosis that relates to individuals who have stormy moods.  The conditions is characterized by a spectrum of severity from individuals with mood swings on one end, to classic manic depression on the other.  Patients with a on the less severe end of the bipolar spectrum are quite common.  Many people with bipolar disorder often initially come to their doctors complaining of feeling depressed and hence are often repeatedly treated with antidepressants which often do not work very well.


The exact cause of bipolar disorder isn’t known but a combination of genetics, environment, and altered brain structure and chemistry may play a role.  Manic episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep, and loss of touch with reality. Depressive episodes include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities. Mood episodes can last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts.

  

Treatment Options

There are a lot of subtleties to the pharmacologic treatment of bipolar disorder so that referral to a specialist is often a good option if the conditions is suspected.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

 

 

 

What is PTSD?

Post Traumatic Stress is disorder in which a person has difficulty recovering after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event.
The condition may last months or years, with triggers that can bring back memories of the trauma accompanied by intense emotional and physical reactions.

Symptoms may include nightmares or unwanted memories of the trauma, avoidance of situations that bring back memories of the trauma, heightened reactions, anxiety, or depressed mood.
Treatment includes different types of trauma-focused psychotherapy as well as medications to manage symptoms.

  Types of PTSD

PTSD symptoms can present themselves in many ways, creating combinations that are unique to you. You may also experience symptoms that aren’t typically associated with PTSD. These variations are what characterize the different types of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Complex PTSD comes from long-term trauma. You’ve been held captive physically or emotionally. Chronic or prolonged trauma. Research suggest that complex PTSD is a diagnosis that describes a cluster of symptoms. This cluster of symptoms is also known as Disorders of Extreme Stress 

Comorbid PTSD is a blanket term for co-occurring disorders. It is applied when a person has more than one mental health concern, often coupled with substance abuse issues. Comorbid PTSD is extremely common, as many people suffer from more than one condition at a time.

Dissociative PTSD involves disruptions in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, and perception of the self and the environment.

Treatment Options

Treatment includes different types of trauma-focused psychotherapy as well as medications to manage symptoms.

 

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

 

 

 

 

What is ADHD?

A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
ADHD often begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and difficulty at school or work.
Symptoms include limited attention and hyperactivity.

  Types of ADHD

ADHD, combined type. This, the most common type of ADHD, is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behaviors as well as inattention and distractibility.

ADHD, impulsive/hyperactive type. This, the least common type of ADHD, is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behaviors without inattention and distractibility.

ADHD, inattentive and distractible type. This type of ADHD is characterized predominately by inattention and distractibility without hyperactivity.

Treatment Options

Treatments include medication and talk therapy. Stimulants are the best-known and most widely used ADHD medications.